Daily Management Review

7 independence movements that could break down the EU


Catalonia keeps insisting on its movement for independence, which greatly disappoints the European Union and Spain. Catalonia is not the only European region that demands independence or greater autonomy. Below are seven regions of the European Union that can seek secession, which, in turn, will lead to even greater disintegration in already fragmented Europe.

Josep Renalias - Lohen11
Josep Renalias - Lohen11
1. Scotland, United Kingdom

Three years ago, Scotland held a remarkable referendum on the withdrawal from the UK, for which 55% of voters voted. Nicola Sturgeon, leader of the independent Scottish National Party, now calls for another referendum, given that the UK is about to leave the EU. There are more than five million people in Scotland. In 1998 the region has been proclaimed semi-autonomous, with its own parliament that deals with education, health, and environment. London keeps issues of diplomacy and defense under its control. Sturgeon publicly condemned the violence of the Spanish police during the referendum on the independence of Catalonia.

2. Flanders, Belgium

Located in the center of the European Union, Belgium is nothing but a single state. Created in the XIX century as an independent country, it acts as a buffer state between France and Germany. The population of Belgium is a mixture of French left-wing southerners and Flemish conservative northerners. The Flemish nationalistic sentiment is now very strong, and the independence movement "New Flemish Alliance" is one of the largest parties in Belgium and the coalition government's key partner. "The new Flemish Alliance" strives to found the Flemish Republic. This call may well have a chance in the elections of 2018. Geert Bourgeois, the Minister-President of Flanders, called on the Spanish government to begin negotiations with "the legitimate leaders of a peaceful people."

3. The Basque Country, Spain

ETA separatist group was founded in 1959 to push the Basque region's interests forward. Afterwards, it all turned into a campaign of forcible establishment of independence, which was accused of the death of 829 people. Last time the ETA attacked in 2010, and the group has been disarmed since April 2017. Members of the ETA are now part of the Franco-Spanish Basque political party Sortu, which aims for "total freedom" for more than two million Basques. 40 thousand citizens of Bilbao spoke in support of the referendum in Catalonia. Regional President called for recognition of the Basque and Catalan nations.

4. New Caledonia, France

Being a home for nearly 380 thousand people, this archipelago locatde in the South Pacific hemisphere intends to arrange a referendum on the issue of independence in November next year. According to the French rule, New Caledonia in 1998 agreed a greater autonomy with Paris. Still, many activists say that autonomy was not fully granted. The region has a quarter of the world's known nickel reserves, but, as with any colonial relationship, the welfare is distributed unevenly.

5. Corsica, France

Corsica is an island with a population of more than 300 thousand people; it belongs to France. Three years ago, the separatist National Liberation Front of Corsica completed its armed fight and has now achieved all the requirements at the political level. Now Corsica has a special status, which gives the region certain rights and maintains autonomy. The Assembly of Corsica stressed "the Government of Catalonia's undeniable legitimacy".

6. Faroe Islands, Denmark

The Danish Faroe Islands will carry out a referendum in spring of the next year under a new constitution that could provide the islands with an opportunity for self-determination. The region has been autonomous since 1948. Issues of defense and foreign policy are controlled by Copenhagen.

7. Lombardy and Veneto, Italy

These rich regions in the north of Italy intend to hold consultative referendums on October 22, as a result of which voters will have to decide whether they prefer greater autonomy from the central government of Italy. Politicians in Veneto and Lombardy, regions that together account for almost a third of the country's economy, require a larger part of tax revenue.

source: finance.yahoo.com

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