Daily Management Review

15 countries with the highest level of organized crime


12/08/2017


The World Economic Forum recently published its annual Global Competitiveness Report, in which countries are ranked by a number of parameters. Organized crime in the country was one of them. This is one of the factors that restrain the country’s development.

Below are the countries with the worst indicators in the field of organized crime. Most of the countries are located in Central and South America. Each country was ranked from 1 to 7, where 1 means that the problem of organized crime has a big negative impact on the country's economic development, and 7 means that there is no such problem in the country at all.



Yumi Kimura
Yumi Kimura
15. Italy: 3.5

This country is strongly associated with mafia, and WEF statistics proves this statement. In particular, we are talking about the grouping of Cosa Nostra in Sicily or 'Ndrangheta in Calabria, which is considered one of the largest suppliers of cocaine in Europe. Besides, the country was recently flooded by African groups due to the crisis of refugees in Europe. These groups are engaged in illegal traffic of people.

14. Mali: 3.4

The civil war between Islamist groups in the north of the country and the government began in 2012. In 2015, a peace agreement was signed, but recently there have been again violent outbreaks. As a result, crime is flourishing. Illegal traffic of people, drugs, etc. is thriving.

13. Mozambique: 3.4

This country borders on six countries and has access to the Indian Ocean. Mozambique has become one of the transshipment points for illegal traffic of people and drugs. In addition, there is illegal trade in animals and plants.

12. Guinea: 3.4

This is one of the poorest countries in the world. Guinea has a very high level of corruption associated with the trade in cocaine and other drugs.

11. Pakistan: 3.3

Organized crime is closely linked to terrorism, which is flourishing in Pakistan, say experts of the WEF. In particular, it is noted that crimes such as kidnapping, bank robberies and extortion are widespread there. Most of the heroin that is produced in Afghanistan is transported through the territory of Pakistan.

10. Yemen: 3.3

Yemen is one of the poorest countries in the Arab region, and at the moment the country is mired in a war that has been going on since 2015. This combination of poverty and instability has led to an increase in organized crime, in particular, corruption and smuggling.

9. Peru: 3.2

Peru is the world's second largest cocaine producer. As a result, there is a very high crime rate associated with drug trafficking. At the same time, unlike other countries in the ranking, there is quite a low level of violence associated with crime.

8. Chad: 3.1

Terrorism in Chad is closely linked to organized crime. The Islamist group Boko haram actively operates in the country, kidnapping people and trading them.

7. Colombia: 2.9

Colombia has a long history of the formation and development of organized crime. Colombia is the world's largest producer of cocaine. And with comes activity of factions engaged in production and trafficking of drugs.

6. Jamaica: 2.9

Jamaica remains one of the largest sources of marijuana in the Caribbean. This drug is transported to the United States. In addition, the country is a transit point for the transport of cocaine from the countries of Central America.

5. Guatemala: 2.7

Guatemala ranks 10th in the world according to the level of murders. This problem is largely related to activities of criminal groups. The two largest groupings divided the country into zones of influence. Both make money for extortion and drug trafficking.

4. Mexico: 2.6

Mexico is the country through which drug trafficking in the United States is going. The drug trade spawned a bloody war of criminal groups, which resulted in the deaths of civilians as well. Joaquin Guzman, the head of one of the most influential groups, was extradited to the United States in January this year.

3. Venezuela: 2.5

Venezuela is a country in which a high level of poverty resulted in growth of organized crime. Caracas is one of the most dangerous cities in the world; there are 130.35 murders per 100 thousand inhabitants.

2. Honduras: 2.4

Just like in the case of Guatemala, Honduras is located in Central America, which makes the country one of the transport hubs for drug trafficking. The most violent conflicts between criminal groups occur on the border between Honduras and Guatemala.

1. El Salvador: 1.5

The level of homicide per 100 thousand people in El Salvador is the highest in the world. Two factors led to this situation: a civil war and a high level of poverty. 

source: weforum.org






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