Daily Management Review

Iranian Parliament Approved the Agreement on the Nuclear Programme


The Iranian parliament this morning approved the final reading of a bill to implement the agreement with the Six of international mediators (the five permanent UN Security Council members and Germany) on Tehran's nuclear program. At the same time, MPs agreed on a list of countermeasures to be taken by the Iranian leadership, if the other party violates the terms of the transaction, such as refusing timely withdraw sanctions from Tehran.

U.S. Department of State
U.S. Department of State
The bill, aimed at implementation of joint comprehensive plan of action (JCPOA) on Iran's nuclear program, was adopted at a session of the Mejlis of 161 votes in favor. 59 people were against and 13 abstained. The adopted document gives the government of Iran the right to begin implementation of the agreement.
Recall that SVPD was finalized in Vienna on July 14th. The preamble to the agreement states that it, if fully implemented, will make a positive contribution to the maintenance of a "regional and global peace and security." "Iran expects that the agreement will allow it to develop exclusively peaceful nuclear program in accordance with its scientific and economic considerations under the agreement in order to create an atmosphere of trust and international cooperation", - stated the preamble.

The document stipulates that Iran is committed to clarify the issue of a possible military nature of its nuclear program in a dialogue with the IAEA until October 15. In addition, the agreement contains a commitment to transform the plant in Ford's technology center. The reactor in Arak will be rebuilt and will not be able to produce weapons-grade plutonium. Moreover, all the spent fuel from Arak will be exported outside of Iran during the entire duration of the reactor.
In turn, the "Six" has agreed to provide access to mutual trade, as well as to technology, financial and energy resources. The agreement also provides for the abolition of the UN sanctions related to Iran's nuclear program. The arms embargo, imposed by the UN earlier against Iran, will remain in force for five years.

Having adopted a bill on support JCPOA, Iranian MPs nevertheless expressed concern that the "Six" could not fulfill its obligations. In this regard, the Parliament approved the countermeasures in the event of violations of the agreement. In particular, Tehran has provided an opportunity to "go to the accelerated development of its nuclear program and increase its uranium enrichment capacity to 190 thousand centrifuges within two years." Such a move would be adopted if the "Six" violates the terms of the agreement, particularly on the question of lifting the sanctions.

Meanwhile, the Republican Party of the United States launched a new round of criticism on the deal with Iran. "It's been less than a month after the US administration defended the nuclear deal with Iran, and despite assurances from Obama, Secretary of State Kerry and others that this agreement will strengthen the Iranian moderates, weaken the hardliners and open a new era in relations between the our countries, it seems that the opposite happens, "- said the head of the Congress Committee on Armed Services John McCain on his official website.

source: reuters.com