Daily Management Review

Joint Arab Force - a Dream or Reality?


While some countries in the Middle East such as Yemen are experiencing acute domestic problems and artificially create a crisis, a number of Arab states, particularly Saudi Arabia, are actively implementing plans to establish a common Arab army. To what extent this project can be put into practice?

Agence France Presse
Agence France Presse
In recent months, the formation of a common Arab army was another obsession of some regional leaders, who are now engaged in solving difficulties in front of them.

This idea was wandering around for quite a long time, even during the rule of Egyptian President Gamal Abdel Nasser (Gamal Abdel Nasser) in 1956 - 1970. It came to the practical stage through a business combination in this country with Syria and discussed very seriously during the Gulf War in the early nineties. However, in view of conditions that existed at the time, and the objective realities of the Middle East, this idea had not been implemented in life.

Now, many Arab countries, existing for just a few tens of years, are in an extremely difficult situation. Nevertheless, the idea of creating a common army once again become repeatedly heard on their joint consultations. In the fall of 2014, some media reported about the meeting of representatives of Saudi Arabia, Egypt, Kuwait and the United Arab Emirates, the purpose of which was preparing for the establishment of some permanent military coalition or some sort of common army.

At a meeting held in mid-spring of this year in Sharm el-Sheikh, the leaders of the League of Arab States stressed that they did discuss the issue of forming common armed forces. They also agreed that the command of the Joint Staff of the Army of the Member States of PAH present a draft resolution on the establishment of an Arab army on May 24. According to official representatives of the Arab League, the army must stop the spread of the activities of extremist groups in the Middle East.
Despite this official report, this measure is not directed against the main centers of extremism and terrorism in the Middle East and takfiri groups that represent the main threat to security in the region and are puppets of some radical states together with America. The true underlying reason of this decision is to try to direct the Arabian army against the Islamic Republic of Iran and some political groups close to Iran, in particular the Hezbollah and Hamas.

Taking into account this circumstance, we must highlight a few important points.

First, the combined forces of Arab States is a project, which authors and supporters have different and sometimes even conflicting interests. Saudi Arabia, which together with some Arab Gulf countries has been embroiled in the Yemeni crisis and attacks on the country for several months, is seeking the greatest possible legitimacy and obtain some sort of mandate for possible acts of aggression in the future to be able to instantly suppress the people's movement in the region and eliminate the threat to their own patriarchal interests. Leaders of Egypt, where the political elite still continue to confront each other, actively support any external adventure to distract its citizens from domestic problems. In addition, this country along with some other weak Arab states would not mind, of course, use thus formed the ability to use Saudis financial assistance.

Secondly, contrary to expectations of some observers, the combat power of the army being created mostly by Saudis, is not even frightening Zionists, but also giving them a sense of satisfaction. While the heads of the Arab states met in Egypt and stressed the need for the formation of a joint army, the Israeli newspaper Haaretz wrote that this decision does not cause the Tel Aviv any anxiety, but instead facilitates its task, because it prevents strengthening of Iranian influence in the region, because the Arab countries will have to take into account the principles of security of Israel. Thus it turns out that even though no one invited the Israelis to take part in the creation of the Arab armies, they will make a great contribution in this project.

Given these realities, the formation of the Arab armies can be considered one of the most important signs that Saudi Arabia and Israel have a common interest: to resist the growth of the regional power of the Islamic Republic of Iran. And this is contrary to the fact that the Zionists continue to occupy an important part of the Arab lands. And what practical or at least intended for public measures have been taken in this regard in recent years? None.

We also should not forget the fact that the peak of military integration and mutual Arab States took place during the Arab-Israeli wars in 1948, 1956, 1967 and 1973, as well as the war imposed on the Islamic Republic of Iran in 1980 - 1988. Nevertheless, even the mobilization of several countries did not help the Arabs achieve their goals.

Moreover, the lack of fighting spirit, the continuation of long-standing regional crises, such as Yemen, domestic problems, which have become after the events of the "Arab Spring" even deeper and fear of real threats, such as the increase in activity of terrorist groups Al-Qaeda and ISIS nullify all the bravado organizers of the so-called unified Arab army.

source: irna.ir