Daily Management Review

Nearly 5 million refugees apply for EU for protection in 2022


Nearly a million asylum applications were granted in EU nations in 2022, according to the EU Agency for Migration. Most of them are from Syria and Afghanistan.

The EU Agency for Migration released a summary of data for EU nations, Switzerland, and Norway for 2022.

An early estimate from the European statistics agency Eurostat indicates that 966 thousand asylum applications were submitted in European nations in 2022—an increase of 1.5 times over the prior year. According to the organization, conflicts, the prospect of famine, and the removal of limitations on free movement imposed during the pandemic served as strong inducements for people to flee their home countries.

Syria (132,000), Afghanistan (129,000), Turkey (55,000), Venezuela (51,000), and Colombia (43,000) were the top five nations from which asylum applicants poured into Europe last year.

The numbers for first-time and repeat applications represent the EU's multi-tiered system for applying for protection.

Even unlawful applications may take a long time to process and, if refused, may be rejected multiple times. To prevent this, a unique system for granting temporary asylum to Ukrainians was established in March of last year. It claims that rather than on an individual basis, applications started to be accepted in bulk. Although this mechanism has been in existence since 2001, it has never been used in reality.

Ukrainian nationals are permitted to enter the EU without proper documentation and then immediately file for temporary asylum. In addition to this status, applicants get a residence permit, housing, entry to the labor market, healthcare, and schooling for their kids.

Together with asylum seekers, this results in a 5 million person increase in the demand on welfare services in the EU. In contrast, there were 2.4 million asylum requests in EU nations at the height of the migrant crisis in 2015–2016.

As a result, non-Ukrainian applicants' asylum requests are being handled more slowly. About 600,000 applications out of almost 1 million were completed last year. At the same time, EU nations handle them unevenly, with Poland and Germany bearing the bulk of the load in the final stages.

source: ec.europa.eu