Daily Management Review

Study Reveals An Increasing Number Of Illnesses Are Caused By Obesity And Excess Blood Sugar


A significant multinational research published on Thursday revealed that, compared to 2000, metabolic problems such as obesity, high blood sugar, high blood pressure, and other metabolic disorders cause over 50% more years of good life to be lost to disease or early death.
The number of years lost as a result of undernutrition-related conditions, including wasting or stunting, for both mothers and children decreased by 71.5% throughout that time.
The major causes of disease and early death globally were determined by the Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors Study 2021, which was published in The Lancet on Thursday. The study analysed data from 204 nations and territories. Disability-adjusted life years, or "DALYs," are used to measure them.
According to the authors, the data clearly demonstrates how global health issues are changing as populations become older and lead different lifestyles. However, air pollution remained the largest risk factor in both the 2000 and 2021 data sets.
They also emphasised that the outcomes were not consistent. For instance, undernutrition was still a significant risk factor in sub-Saharan Africa.
The authors found that high body-mass index (BMI) and high blood sugar—two risk factors for the development of diabetes—were progressively linked to ill health among people aged 15 to 49 worldwide.
The study's senior researcher, Liane Ong, of the University of Washington's Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation stated, "Future trends may be quite different than past trends because of factors such as climate change and increasing obesity and addiction."
According to a corresponding analysis conducted by the Global Burden of Diseases team, life expectancy would increase from 73.6 years to 78.1 years by 2050, a jump of 4.5 years.
Global life expectancy is beginning to converge, with the largest gains probably occurring in nations with lower current estimates.
The study does predict that although individuals will live longer, they will probably spend more of those years in bad health.